TECHNICAL RULES XTERRA OFFROAD TRIATHLON
The technical rules for all XTERRA National Championships are the same.
3.1a Wetsuits are allowed based on water temperature measured the day prior to the event and confirmed the day of the event.
Pro/Elite: Wetsuits are allowed for pro athletes if the water temperature is below 20°Centigrade.
Age group: Wetsuits are allowed for age group athletes if the water temperature is below 22°C
All: Wetsuits are mandatory at 14°C
These temperature rules may not agree with some National Federation rules and may be waived by the race director at his discretion.
3.1b Buoys: Any athlete confirmed cutting a buoy will be assessed a 2-minute penalty.
3.1c General Swim: No fins or swimming aids are allowed. 3.1d Swim Caps Organizers must provide swim caps and they must be worn by all competitors for water safety.
3. 2. Bike:
3.2a Only mountain bikes are legal for competition. Cyclo-cross bikes are not allowed. No drop handlebars are allowed. No aero bars are allowed. All bikes must have 26” or 29” wheels. Bar extensions or grips off the handlebars may not exceed 5”.
3.2b Racers shall complete the entire event on the same bicycle upon which the event was begun. You must bring your bike to Bike/Run transition to be allowed to continue.
373.2c Passing: Lapped riders must yield to overtaking riders. Riders should voice the command "track” or ”on your left," when overtaking another. It is the responsibility of the faster rider to overtake safely. Slower riders must yield to the passing rider on the first command. In the event two riders are racing for position, the leading rider does not have to yield his position to the challenging rider. However, a rider may not bodily interfere with or impede another rider's progress.
3.2d Drafting: Drafting is allowed.
3.2e General Bike: Bike numbers must be mounted on the handlebars facing forward. Cutting of numbers or altering with sponsor stickers is not allowed. Helmets must be worn at all times. No riding of bikes is allowed in the transition areas.
3.3a Numbers: Numbers must be worn on the front of the body. Cutting numbers or altering with sponsor stickers is not allowed. There will be a warning for not having your number on the front of your body, second infraction will be a 2-minute penalty. A 2-minute penalty will be assessed for losing your run number.
3.4 Event General Rules:
3.4a Ignorance of the rules will not be considered as an excuse.
3.4b It is the racer's responsibility to maintain adequate hydration. Organizer will provide hydration stations on the bike and run.
3.4c Cutting the course: Short-cutting and/or cutting trail switchbacks or course is not permitted and may result in disqualification. A rider is required to stay on the designated trail that is marked and or specified as the racecourse. It is the rider's responsibility to know the designated racecourse. Lack of tape or barrier on the course will not be constituted as an excuse for cutting course.
3.4d Outside assistance: Limited outside assistance is allowed from another athlete competing in the same event. No outside assistance is allowed from any person not competing in the same event. These include but are not limited to spectators, friends, family, volunteers, support crew, photographers, police or marshals.
Assistance is limited to tools, tubes or any item that would be used to repair a faulty part or damaged bicycle or water, food, or first aid. Changing bikes is not allowed.
As example: a competing athlete is allowed to give another athlete a chain tool or link or a complete chain. A competing athlete can give another athlete a tire patch, tube or complete wheel. But an athlete cannot exchange bikes with another competitor so that the competitor with the broken bike can simply continue without fixing the break.
3.4e Conduct: Foul riding or running, unsportsmanlike behavior or the use of profane or abusive language is grounds for warning, relegation, disqualification or fine.
3.5 Protests: Protests of any nature must be submitted within one hour of the finish time of the person lodging the protest. Protests must be submitted in writing and signed by the accuser. Saying somebody cut the course is not good enough – it must be written and described as accurately as possible. All protests will be investigated. Because of the nature of XTERRA, it is not always possible to see infractions. XTERRA is in the woods, out of sight and marshaled only where necessary. In every case there will need to be verification of the infraction. Officials will not be drawn into a “hear-say” argument.
3.6 Miscellaneous: No type of sound device is allowed during competition. Examples: no headsets, tape players, CD players, MP3 players or 2-way radios may be worn.
3.7 Penalties: Penalties will be determined by the severity of the infraction. The minimum penalty is 2-minutes. The maximum penalty is disqualification from the results of the event and/or a loss of prize money.
3.8 Cut-Off Times: Cut-off times are enforced at XTERRA full distance races in the U.S. The cutoff is at T2 - the bike to run transition. All athletes must enter T2 within 3.5 hours of the start of the race. Where there are wave starts, the 3.5 hours will be measured from the last start of the race. In some cases the head official may alter the cut-ff time.
International Events or XTERRA Points Series races may or may not include cutoff times. Each of these events will publicize a cut off time if one will be enforced.
3.10 Professional Athletes:
Licensed, professional athletes may enter and compete in any World Tour or National Championship race and win prize money. Any person wanting to enter as an elite/professional must furnish proof that they have been accepted as professional by a recognized multi-sport governing body. Examples of this are:
ITU, ETU, USA Triathlon UCI, USA Cycling (road, cyclocross, track or mountain bike) Any national governing body for triathlon Any national governing body for cycling
The athlete must present a current card marked clearly and legibly. Without proof of being licensed as a professional, no athlete may compete in the pro category.
Also permitted to compete as elite/professional are non-licensed Olympic athletes from cycling, swimming, running or skiing. If a non licensed athlete feels they are qualified, they must make application to the event race director or to the Managing Director (email@example.com) for permission.
The Race Director may, at his discretion, may allow an athlete to compete as an elite/ pro from time to time.
3.9 ITEMS NOT COVERED and relationship with National Federations
All XTERRA events are sanctioned. The published rules and regulations of each country’s National Federation are to be considered law except with regard to the specific rules and regulations stated above. In the case of the need for a ruling not covered in XTERRA regulations or National Federation regulations the decision of the Managing Director will be final.
Where XTERRA rules and regulations differ from the National Federation, permission to deviate should be requested in writing in advance of the event.